Tax and payslip explained in simple terms

The word "tax" meant a very mean obscure monster that eats away most of my salary which is already peanuts. I never checked my payslip and I didn't understand where my salary went away. Once I realized that tax is something that is going to exist forever and ever sucking away all my salary, I decided finally to be an adult and understand tax.

Tax, the monster!

A brief explanation of what I learnt:
FY:               It's 2017 March now, so right now financial year is FY 2016 April to 2017 March.
AY:               Assessment Year 2017-18, the period during which you file returns for FY 16-17
Basic salary : Fixed part of salary.
PF:              12% of Basic will be deducted from your salary into your PF account. Same amount will be paid by your company. So you will get 24% of Basic into your PF. You can increase your contribution to PF beyond 12% to reduce tax.
Allowance:    Conveyance(commute to office), LTA(vacation within India), HRA(up to 2.5L), DA, Medical bills, Special allowance, sodexo/meal card etc.
Gross:          Basic + Allowance without tax
Net:             Gross after tax
Take Home:  After EMIs
CTC:            Direct benefits + Indirect benefits + savings (PF,super annuity,gratuity). You get gratuity only if you stay in same company for 5 years
Prof tax:       2400 per year in general as per most of the salaries. 
Monthly IncomeProfessional Tax Levied
For salary up to Rs.15,000Nil
For salary between Rs.15,001 to Rs.20,000Rs.150 per month
For salary of Rs.20,001 and aboveRs.200 per month

Tax:             Tax will be levied on your taxable income = (Gross salary-exemptions-investments)
For example, professional tax, conveyance and HRA will be exempted. That is they are not taxable.Under 80C investments, you can claim up to 1.5 lakhs. This includes house loan principal amount, mutual funds, LIC. Investments also include your PF contribution, PPF, shares, educational loan, house loan interest,etc. 
If your taxable income is less than 5,00,000, then you will get a tax relief of 5000 under section 87A. 
On top of your tax, additional 3% will be levied on tax for CESS. CESS is something that's used for government schools funding.

Let's take an example:
CTC= 8.5L
Gross income = (CTC-gratuity-PF paid by company-deductions)=let's say without deductions, this is 7.8L
In general, medical and LTA are reimbursed at the end of the FY. Also meal card/sodexo amount are also not added to your salary but instead to meal card. PF and professional tax are also deducted from your salary. So after these deductions, let's say your gross is 7.2 L.
Exemptions = let's say your company gives exemption on conveyance, say 20,000
Investments = House loan interest 1L, LIC 35K, PF 35K, house loan principal amount 30K, mutual funds 50K
Taxable income = 4,50,000 after exemptions and investments:

Income Tax SlabIncome Tax Rate
Income upto Rs. 2,50,000Nil
Income between Rs. 2,50,001 - Rs. 500,00010% of Income exceeding Rs. 2,50,000
Income between Rs. 500,001 - Rs. 10,00,00020% of Income exceeding Rs. 5,00,000
Income above Rs. 10,00,00030% of Income exceeding Rs. 10,00,000

In this case your tax will be ((2.5L*0)+(2 L*0.1)) = 20,000
After Tax relief = 20K-5K =15K
After cess tax = 15K+ (15K*0.03)=15,450

The good news is that the tax slab from 2.5L to 5L is reduced to 5% from 10% for FY 17-18.

Phew, that's a lot of money talk for today.
Please post any corrections in comments.


  1. In a Payslips your Monthly tax deduction are showing how much amount will be debited from salary that are calculated on your early basis salary. If you are employee and your employer will not gives you payslips then you can ask your employer to Order Payslips Online


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